|* Henry J. Beukema, professor emeritus of engineering graphics at Western
Michigan University, died Nov. 23 in Kalamazoo. He was 90.
Beukema retired in 1977, after 35 years of teaching at WMU. Prior
to teaching at the University, he taught industrial education at high
schools in Algonac and Grand Haven, Mich., and he had an active career
in industry, having worked for the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers as
well as a number of manufacturing companies.
He was the co-author of more than a dozen high school and college
textbooks and workbooks in the fields of engineering graphics and welding
technology. Active in a number of professional organizations, he served
on the boards of the Kalamazoo Engineering Society and the Michigan
Industrial and Technology Education Society.
* from the December 9, 2005, "WMU News",
Office of University Relations
The 1962 graphic signature forms the silhouette
of the T-square, one of the primary drafting tools for architects,
engineers, and designers.
The above detail from the 1952 campus map displays the irregularities of hand-drafting and 'cut-and-paste'
assembly. Note the wavy nature of the lines for the railroad tracks
and the stadium yardlines. Most of the text and building numbers
were typed, cut out, and pasted onto the drawing. The label on building
#12 is hand-lettered, but also cut-and-pasted. The map is drawn in
'plan view', with building and road silhouettes only and no structural
or aesthetic details.
The 1952 campus map was included in a Western Michigan College brochure,
and would have been mass-produced by the technology of the time, such
as offset printing.
North arrow 1962 map
This detail from a 1962 map and brochure is an
orthographic projection with sophisticated building details and
shadow patterning. In addition to the use of color, the grounds
and landscaping are indicated by stylized bushes, trees, and flower
The above detail, from a campus
map that was part of a mass-produced 1959-60 pamphlet, has several
graphic features that reveal its 'hand-drafted' origins. The lower-case
letters identifying individual buildings under #23 are obviously
cut and pasted onto the drawing. Faint guidelines are visible in
several places such as along the street in front of #10. Below #9
is a clear example of overlapped intersecting lines. This is a common
hand-drafting technique to achieve a crisp corner, and to add visual
interest to a drawing.